Date: 6 months ago   Category: Economy

The Nobel Prize on physics was awarded for opening in the field of physics of lasers — Rambler News Service


The Nobel Prize on physics of 2018 was awarded to Americans Artur Eshkin, Frenchman Gerard Moore and Canadian Donna Strickland for "breakthrough opening in the field of physics of lasers", the press service of the Nobel committee reports. Eshkin has invented the "optical tweezers" capable to take particles, atoms, viruses and other living cells by means of the "laser tips". The Nobel committee notes that this invention has allowed to realize "an old dream of science fiction" — to use pressure of light radiation for movement of physical objects. In turn, Strickland and to Moore have invented technology of strengthening of ultrashort laser impulses (strengthening of chirpirovanny impulses) up to petavattny power level. For the first time this equipment has been offered by them in 1985. Now it is the main technology of receiving impulses of the largest power. In 2017 the Nobel Prize on physics was handed to group of scientists from the USA to Rainer Weis, Barry Berisha and the Pile to Thorn for opening in the field of gravitational waves. The Nobel Prize is handed for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and economy. Also Nobel Peace Prize is handed.

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